↑Coogan، Michael David (2007). The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books: New Revised Standard Version. Oxford University Press. صفحہ 1253. ISBN9780195288803. ... through Persian rule, to the time of Alexander the Great, and finally to the attacks against Judaism and Jerusalem by the Syrian-Greek ruler Antiochus IV Epiphanes in the early second century bce.
↑Jacobson، Diane L. (1991). A Beginner's Guide to the Books of the Bible. Augsburg Books. صفحہ 59. ISBN9781451406580. Though set in Babylon over a seventy-year period (606-536 b.c.) that includes the exile, Daniel actually dates from around 167— 164 during the Jewish persecution by the Greek king, Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-163).
↑Goodman، Ellen (1995). The Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: From Thales to the Tudors. Federation Press. صفحہ 69. ISBN9781862871816. Under the leadership of Antiochus IV (a Seleucid Greek) a Greek-style polis was established in Jerusalem.