"انقلاب ایران" کے نسخوں کے درمیان فرق

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{{Short description|1978–1979 revolution that overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty}}
{{Infobox civil conflict
|title=Iranian Revolution
|partof=the [[constitutionalization attempts in Iran]] and the [[Cold War]]
|image=Mass demonstration in Iran, date unknown.jpg
|caption=Mass demonstrations at College Bridge, [[Tehran]]
|date=7 January 1978 – 11 February 1979<br />({{Age in years, months, weeks and days|month1=01|day1=07|year1=1978|month2=02|day2=11|year2=1979}})
|place=[[Iran]]
|coordinates=
|causes=
*Discontent with the [[Mohammad Reza Pahlavi|Shah's]] rule
*Exile of [[Ruhollah Khomeini]]
*[[Injustice|Social injustice]]
*Religious motives
*''[[Background and causes of the Iranian Revolution|and others]]''
|goals=Overthrow of the [[Pahlavi dynasty]]
|methods=
*[[Demonstration (political)|Demonstrations]]
*[[General strike|Strikes]]
*[[Civil resistance]]
|status=
|result=
*Overthrow of the Shah and monarchy
*[[1979 oil crisis]]
*[[Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran]] replaced [[Persian Constitution of 1906]] with [[December 1979 Iranian constitutional referendum|referendum]]
*[[Ayatollah]] [[Ruhollah Khomeini]] becomes the new [[Supreme Leader of Iran]]
*[[Iran hostage crisis]]
*Beginning of the [[Iran–Iraq War]]
*[[Consolidation of the Iranian Revolution]]
|side1={{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Pahlavi dynasty|Imperial State of Iran]]
{{bulleted list
|[[Regency Council (Iran)|Regency Council]]{{efn|group=lower-alpha|Regency Council was practically dissolved on 22 January 1979, when its head resigned to meet [[Ruhollah Khomeini]].}}
|[[Rastakhiz Party]]
|[[Military history of Iran#Pahlavi Era (1925 to 1979)|Imperial Army]]{{efn|group=lower-alpha|Imperial Iranian Army revoked their allegiance to the throne and declared [[Neutral country|neutrality]] on 11 February 1979.}}
|[[Imperial Guard (Iran)|Imperial Guard]]
|[[SAVAK]]
|[[Shahrbani]]
|[[Iranian Gendarmerie|Gendarmerie]]}}
|side2={{plainlist|
*{{flagicon image|Flag of Iran (1964).svg}} [[Council of the Islamic Revolution|Revolution Council]]
*{{flagicon image|Flag of Iran (1964).svg}} [[Interim Government of Iran|Interim Government]]}}
----
{{Collapsible list
|bullets=yes
|title=[[Organizations of the Iranian Revolution|Opposition groups]]:
|[[Confederation of Iranian Students]]
|[[Islamic Association of Students]]
|[[Combatant Clergy Association]]
|[[Islamic Coalition Party|Islamic Coalition Societies]]
|[[Fada'iyan-e Islam|Fedayeen of Islam]]
|[[Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization|Mojahedin]]
|[[Movement of Militant Muslims]]
|[[JAMA (political party)|JAMA]]
|[[National Front (Iran)|National Front]]
|[[Freedom Movement of Iran|Freedom Movement]]
|[[Nation Party of Iran|Nation Party]]
|[[Tudeh Party of Iran|Tudeh Party]]
|[[People's Mujahedin of Iran|People's Mujahedin]]
|[[Union of Communist Militants]]
|[[Peykar]]
|[[Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas|People's Fedai Guerrillas]]}}
|side3=
|leadfigures1={{nowrap|{{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Mohammad Reza Pahlavi]]}}<br/>
{{Collapsible list
|bullets=yes
|title=Prime Ministers:
|{{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Jamshid Amouzegar]]
|{{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Jafar Sharif-Emami]]
|{{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Gholam Reza Azhari]]
|{{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Shapour Bakhtiar]]}}
{{Collapsible list
|bullets=yes
|title=Directors of SAVAK:
|{{nowrap|{{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Nematollah Nassiri]]{{executed}}}}|{{nowrap|{{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Nasser Moghaddam]]{{executed}}}}}}
{{Collapsible list
|bullets=yes
|title=Army Commanders:
|{{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Gholam Reza Azhari]]
|{{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Abbas Gharabaghi]]
|{{flagicon|Iran|1964}} [[Gholam Ali Oveissi]]}}
|leadfigures2={{flagicon image|Flag of Iran (1964).svg}} [[Ruhollah Khomeini]]<br>
{{plainlist|
*{{flagicon image|Flag of Iran (1964).svg}} [[Mehdi Bazargan]]{{efn|group=lower-alpha|Prime Minister of the Interim Government.}}
*{{nowrap|{{flagicon image|Flag of Iran (1964).svg}} [[Morteza Motahhari]]{{efn|group=lower-alpha|Head of Revolutionary Council.}}}}}}
|leadfigures3=
|howmany1=
|howmany2=
|howmany3=
|casualties1=
|casualties2=
|casualties3= see [[Casualties of the Iranian Revolution]]
|fatalities=
|injuries=
|arrests=
|detentions=
|charged=
|fined=
|casualties_label=
|notes={{reflist|group=lower-alpha}}
|sidebox=}}
انقلابِ ایران یا انقلاب اسلامی ایران کی اصطلاح [[1979ء]] میں ایران میں آنے والے [[اسلام]]ی [[انقلاب]] کے لیے استعمال کی جاتی ہے۔ <br/>
اس انقلاب کی قیادت ایرانی رہنما [[آیت اللہ خمینی]] نے کی۔ [[انقلاب]] سے [[ایران]] میں [[محمد رضا شاہ پہلوی|محمد رضا شاہ]] [[پہلوی]] کی [[بادشاہت]] کا خاتمہ ہوا [[اسلامی جمہوریہ ایران]] وجود میں آیا۔ جس کے پہلے رہبر معظم (سپریم لیڈر) [[آیت اللہ]] خمینی بنے۔ اسلامی انقلاب دنیا بھر میں ایک ایسا نظام ایجاد کرنے کی کوشش میں ہے جس کی بنیادمذہب پر ہے <ref>[http://www.tebyan.net/index.aspx?pid=243179 دنيا ميں مثالي مذھبي انقلاب<!-- خودکار تخلیق شدہ عنوان -->]</ref>
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