"جمہوریہ چین (1912ء–1949ء)" کے نسخوں کے درمیان فرق

کوئی ترمیمی خلاصہ نہیں
(نیا صفحہ: '''جمہوریہ چین''' (Republic of China) (روایتی چینی: 中华民国، آسان چینی: 中华民国؛ پنین: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) سرزمین چین پر [...)
 
{{Infobox former country
|native_name = {{nobold|{{lang|zh-hant|中華民國}}}}<br />''Chung-hua Min-kuo''<!--Use of Hanyu Pinyin is an anachronism, use Chinese Postal Map Romanization instead. Direct all inquiries to the talk page first.-->
|conventional_long_name = جمہوریہ چین<br>Republic of China
|common_name = China
|continent = Asia
|country = China
|era = بیسویں صدی
|government_type = [[جمہوریہ]]
|date_start = 1 جنوری
|year_start = 1912
|event_end = Seat of government moved to Taipei
|date_end =
|year_end = 1949
|event1 = Nationalist rule from Nanking
|date_event1 = 18 April 1927
|event2 = [[Second Sino-Japanese War]]
|date_event2 = 7 July 1937
|event3 = [[Constitution of the Republic of China|Constitution]] adopted
|date_event3 = 25 December 1947
|event4 = [[Huaihai Campaign|Battle of Huaihai]]
|date_event4 = December 1948
|event_pre = [[Xinhai Revolution]]
|date_pre = 10 October 1911
|p1 = Qing Dynasty
|flag_p1 = China Qing Dynasty Flag 1889.svg
|s1 = China
|flag_s1 = Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
|s2 = Mongolian People's Republic
|flag_s2 = Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1940-1992).svg
|s3 = Taiwan
|flag_s3 = Flag of the Republic of China.svg
|image_flag = Flag of the Republic of China.svg
|flag = Flag of the Republic of China
|image_coat = Republic of China National Emblem.svg
|symbol = Blue Sky with a White Sun
|image_map = Republic of China (orthographic projection historical).svg
|image_map_caption = Location of the Republic of China
{{Legend|#49c746|Claimed territory, actual control was tenuous}}
|capital = [[Nanking]] <small>(1912; 1927-1949)</small><br>[[Peking]] <small>(1912–28)</small><br>[[Chungking]] <small>(wartime capital) (1937–46)</small>
|national_anthem = ''[[National Anthem of the Republic of China]]''<br>{{lang|zh-hant|《中華民國國歌》}}
|currency = [[Chinese yuan]]<br />[[Old Taiwan dollar]]
|leader1 = Sun Yat-sen
|leader2 = Yuan Shikai
|leader3 = Li Yuanhong
|leader4 = Feng Guozhang
|leader5 = Xu Shichang
|leader6 = Li Yuanhong
|leader7 = Cao Kun
|leader8 = Zhang Zuolin
|leader9 = Tan Yankai
|leader10 = Chiang Kai-shek
|leader11 = Lin Sen
|leader12 = Chiang Kai-shek
|leader13 = Li Zongren
|year_leader1 = 1912
|year_leader2 = 1912–16
|year_leader3 = 1916–17
|year_leader4 = 1917–18
|year_leader5 = 1918–22
|year_leader6 = 1922–23
|year_leader7 = 1923–24
|year_leader8 = 1927–28
|year_leader9 = 1928
|year_leader10 = 1928–31
|year_leader11 = 1931–43
|year_leader12 = 1943–49
|year_leader13 = 1949
|title_leader = [[President of the Republic of China|President]]
|legislature = [[National Assembly of the Republic of China|National Assembly]]
|house1 = National Assembly
|house2 = Legislative Yuan
|stat_year1 = 1912
|stat_area1 = 11077380
|stat_pop1 = 432375000
|stat_year2 = 1920
|stat_area2 = 11077380
|stat_pop2 = 472000000
|stat_year3 = 1930
|stat_area3 = 11077380
|stat_pop3 = 489000000
|stat_year4 = 1948
|stat_area4 = 11077380
|stat_pop4 = 489000000
|stat_year5 = 1949
|stat_area5 = 11077380
|stat_pop5 = 541670000
|today = {{flag|افغانستان}}<br>{{flag|بھوٹان}}<br>{{flag|برما}}<br>{{flag|چین}}<br>{{flag|بھارت}}<br>{{flag|جاپان}}<br>{{flag|منگولیا}}<br>{{flag|پاکستان}}<br>{{flag|روس}}<br>{{flag|تائیوان}}<br>{{flag|تاجکستان}}
|footnotes = Population from http://www.populstat.info/Asia/chinac.htm
}}
 
'''جمہوریہ چین''' (Republic of China) (روایتی چینی: 中华民国، آسان چینی: 中华民国؛ پنین: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) سرزمین چین پر [[1912ء]] میں قائم ہوئی اور [[1949ء]] تک وجود میں رہی اور چینی خانہ جنگی کے دوران یہ دستبردار ہو کر [[تائیوان]] میں ہوئی۔ <ref>Dillon, Michael, ''[http://books.google.com.vn/books?ei=Qwd5T8ukM4ywiQffuuX_BA&id=IFHD2im0H_wC&q=%22Republic+of+China%22#v=snippet&q=%22Republic%20of%20China%22&f=falseDictionary of Chinese history]'' (1979), p. 173.</ref>
سرزمین چین کی تاریخ کے ایک دور کے مطابق یہ جمہوریہ [[چنگ خاندان]] کی پیش رو تھی اور بعد میں یہ [[عوامی جمہوریہ چین]] بنا۔