"عبرانی حروف تہجی" کے نسخوں کے درمیان فرق

 
عبرانی خطات ( [[عبرانی زبان]]: יורית היתת ) ایک [[خطات]] یا طرزِ تحریر ہے جس میں [[عبرانی زبان|عبرانی]] اور [[یدیش زبان|یدیش]] زبانیں لکھی جاتی ہیں۔ جدید [[تورات]] بھی اسی خطات میں لکھا گیا ہے۔
 
 
== ابجد یا حروفِ تہجی ==
=== حروف کی تفصیل ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!rowspan=2|<small>حرف</small>
!colspan=3|<small>حروف کے نام</small>
!rowspan=2|<small>قائم تلفظ<br />انگریزی میں</small><ref name=dict>[http://www.merriam-webster.com/table/dict/alphabet.htm ''Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary'']</ref>
!rowspan=2|<small>سٹینڈرڈ اسرائیلی<br />تلفظ</small>
!rowspan=2|<small>دیگر اسرائیلوی عبرانی<br />تلفظ</small>
!rowspan=2|<small>[[یدیش زبان]] / [[اشکنازی عبرانی]]<br />تلفظ</small>
|-
!<small>اردو حروف</small><ref name=dict/>
!<small>عبرانی نام<ref name="unicode_names_of_hebrew_glyphs_at_unicode.org"/><ref name="unicode_names_of_hebrew_glyphs_at_fileformat.info"/></small>
!<small>Hebrew<ref>Kaplan, Aryeh. ''Sefer Yetzirah: The Book of Creation.'' pp. 8, 22.</ref></small>
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|א}}</big>||[[ا]]||Alef||{{Hebrew|אָלֶף}}||{{IPAc-en|ˈ|ɑː|l|ɛ|f}}, {{IPAc-en|ˈ|ɑː|l|ɨ|f}}||{{IPA|/ˈalef/}}||&nbsp;||{{IPA|/ˈalɛf/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|בּ}}</big>
|rowspan=2|[[ب ]]
|rowspan=2|Bet||{{Hebrew|בֵּית}}
|rowspan=2|{{IPAc-en|b|ɛ|θ}}, {{IPAc-en|b|eɪ|t}}||{{IPA|/bet/}}
|rowspan=2|&nbsp;||{{IPA|/bɛɪs/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ב}}</big>||{{Hebrew|בֵית}}||{{IPA|/vet/}}||{{IPA|/vɛɪs/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ג}}</big>||[[گ]]||Gimel||{{Hebrew|גִּימל}}||{{IPAc-en|ˈ|ɡ|ɪ|m|ə|l}}||{{IPA|/ˈɡimel/}}||&nbsp;||{{IPA|/ˈɡimːɛl/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ד}}</big>||[[د]]||Dalet||{{Hebrew|דָּלֶת}}||{{IPAc-en|ˈ|d|ɑː|l|ɨ|θ}}, {{IPAc-en|ˈ|d|ɑː|l|ɛ|t}}||{{IPA|/ˈdalet/}}||{{IPA|/ˈdaled/}}||{{IPA|/ˈdalɛs/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ה}}</big>||[[ھ]]||He||{{Hebrew|הֵא, הה, הי}}||{{IPAc-en|h|eɪ}}||{{IPA|/he/}}||{{IPA|/hej/}}||{{IPA|/hɛɪ/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ו}}</big>||[[و]]||Vav||{{Hebrew|וָו, ואו, ויו}}||{{IPAc-en|v|ɑː|v}}, {{IPAc-en|w|ɑː|w}}||{{IPA|/vav/}}||&nbsp;||{{IPA|/vɔv/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ז}}</big>||[[ز]]||Zayin||{{Hebrew|זַיִן}}||{{IPAc-en|ˈ|z|aɪ|.|ɨ|n}}||{{IPA|/ˈzajin/}}||{{IPA|/ˈza.in/}}||{{IPA|/ˈzajin/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ח}}</big>||[[ح]]||Het||{{Hebrew|חֵית}}||{{IPAc-en|h|ɛ|θ}}, {{IPAc-en|x|eɪ|t}}||{{IPA|/ħet/}}||{{IPA|/χet/}} ||{{IPA|/χɛs/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ט}}</big>||[[ٹ]]||Tet||{{Hebrew|טֵית}}||{{IPAc-en|t|ɛ|θ}}, {{IPAc-en|t|eɪ|t}}||{{IPA|/tet/}}||&nbsp;||{{IPA|/tɛs/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|י}}</big>||[[ي]]||Yod||{{Hebrew|יוֹד}}||{{IPAc-en|j|ɔː|d}}||{{IPA|/jod/}}||{{IPA|/jud/}}||{{IPA|/jud/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|כּ}}</big>
|rowspan=4|[[ک]]
|rowspan=2|Kaf||{{Hebrew|כַּף}}||{{IPAc-en|k|ɑː|f}}||{{IPA|/kaf/}}
|rowspan=4|&nbsp; ||{{IPA|/kɔf/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|כ}}</big>||{{Hebrew|כַף}}||{{IPAc-en|x|ɑː|f}}, {{IPAc-en|k|ɑː|f}}||{{IPA|/χaf/}}||{{IPA|/χɔf/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ךּ}}</big>
|rowspan=2|اخروی کاف (ک)||{{Hebrew|כַּף סוֹפִית}}||{{IPAc-en|k|a:|f}}||{{IPA|/kaf sofit/}}||{{IPA|/laŋɡɛ kɔf/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ך}}</big>||{{Hebrew|כַף סוֹפִית}}||{{IPAc-en|x|ɑː|f}}, {{IPAc-en|k|ɑː|f}}||{{IPA|/χaf sofit/}}||{{IPA|/laŋɡɛ χɔf/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ל}}</big>||[[Lamedh|Lamed]]||Lamed||{{Hebrew|לָמֶד}}||{{IPAc-en|ˈ|l|ɑː|m|ɛ|d}}||{{IPA|/ˈlamed/}}||&nbsp;||{{IPA|/ˈlamɛd/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|מ}}</big>
|rowspan=2|[[م]]||Mem||{{Hebrew|מֵם}}
|rowspan=2|{{IPAc-en|m|ɛ|m}}||{{IPA|/mem/}}
|rowspan=2|&nbsp;||{{IPA|/mɛm/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ם}}</big>||اخروی م||{{Hebrew|מֵם סוֹפִית}}||{{IPA|/mem sofit/}}||{{IPA|/ʃlɔs mɛm/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|נ}}</big>
|rowspan=2|[[ن]]||Nun||{{Hebrew|נוּן}}
|rowspan=2|{{IPAc-en|n|uː|n}}||{{IPA|/nun/}}
|rowspan=2|&nbsp;||{{IPA|/nun/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ן}}</big>||Final Nun||{{Hebrew|נוּן סוֹפִית}}||{{IPA|/nun sofit/}}||{{IPA|/laŋɡɛ nun/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ס}}</big>||[[ث]]||Samekh||ְ{{Hebrew|סָמֶך}}||{{IPAc-en|ˈ|s|ɑː|m|ɛ|k}}, {{IPAc-en|ˈ|s|ɑː|m|ɛ|x}}||{{IPA|/ˈsameχ/}}||&nbsp;||{{IPA|/ˈsamɛχ/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ע}}</big>||[[ع]]||Ayin||{{Hebrew|עַיִן}}||{{IPAc-en|ˈ|aɪ|.|ɨ|n}}||{{IPA|/ˈʕajin/}}||{{IPA|/ˈʔa.in/}}||{{IPA|/ˈajin/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|פּ}}</big>
|rowspan=3|[[پ]]<br /> [[ف]]
|rowspan=2|Pe||{{Hebrew|פֵּא, פה}}||{{IPAc-en|p|eɪ}}||{{IPA|/pe/}}||{{IPA|/pej/}}||{{IPA|/pɛɪ/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|פ}}</big>||{{Hebrew|פֵא, פה}}||{{IPAc-en|f|eɪ}}||{{IPA|/fe/}}||{{IPA|/fej/}}||{{IPA|/fɛɪ/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ף}}</big>||اخروی پ||{{Hebrew|פֵּא סוֹפִית, פה סופית}}||{{IPAc-en|p|eɪ}}, {{IPAc-en|f|eɪ}}||{{IPA|/pe sofit/}}||{{IPA|/pej sofit/}}|| {{IPA|/laŋɡɛ fɛɪ/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|צ}}</big>
|rowspan=2|[[ص]]||Tsadi||{{Hebrew|צַדִי, צדיק}}
|rowspan=2|{{IPAc-en|ˈ|s|ɑː|d|ə}}, {{IPAc-en|ˈ|s|ɑː|d|i}}||{{IPA|/ˈtsadi/}}
|rowspan=2|&nbsp;||{{IPA|/ˈtsɔdi/}}, {{IPA|/ˈtsɔdik/}}, {{IPA|/ˈtsadɛk/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ץ}}</big>||Final Tsadi||{{Hebrew|צַדִי סוֹפִית, צדיק סופית}}||{{IPA|/ˈtsadi sofit/}}|| {{IPA|/laŋɡɛ ˈtsadɛk/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ק}}</big>||[[ق]]||Qof||{{Hebrew|קוֹף}}||{{IPAc-en|k|ɔː|f}}||{{IPA|/kof/}}||{{IPA|/kuf/}}||{{IPA|/kuf/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ר}}</big>||[[ر]]||Resh||{{Hebrew|רֵישׂ}}||{{IPAc-en|r|ɛ|ʃ}}, {{IPAc-en|r|eɪ|ʃ}}||{{IPA|/ʁeʃ/}}||{{IPA|/ʁejʃ/}}||{{IPA|/rɛɪʃ/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|שׁ}}</big>
|rowspan=2|[[ش]]<br /> [[س]]
|rowspan=2|Shin||{{Hebrew|שִׁין}}||{{IPAc-en|ʃ|iː|n}}, {{IPAc-en|ʃ|ɪ|n}}||{{IPA|/ʃin/}}||&nbsp;||{{IPA|/ʃin/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|שׂ}}||{{Hebrew|שִׂין}}||{{IPAc-en|s|iː|n}}, {{IPAc-en|s|ɪ|n}}||{{IPA|/sin/}}||&nbsp;||{{IPA|/sin/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|תּ}}</big>
|rowspan=2|[[ط]]/ [[ت]]
|rowspan=2|Tav||{{Hebrew|תָּיו, תו}}
|rowspan=2|{{IPAc-en|t|ɑː|f}}, {{IPAc-en|t|ɔː|v}}
|rowspan=2|{{IPA|/tav/}}
|rowspan=2|{{IPA|/taf/}}||{{IPA|/tɔv/}}, {{IPA|/tɔf/}}
|-
|<big>{{Hebrew|ת}}</big>||{{Hebrew|תָיו, תָו}}||{{IPA|/sɔv/}}, {{IPA|/sɔf/}}
|}
 
=== حروف کا ایک ٹیبل ===
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center;" class="wikitable" dir="ltr"