افغانستان کا پرچم : (پشتو:د افغانستان بيرغ) افغانستان کا پرچم ہے جو صدیوں سے مختلف شکلیں اختیار کرتا رہا ہے پر جو موجودہ پرچم ہے وہ 2004 میں بناگیا ہے۔ یہ افغانستان کے اس پرچم کے طرح ہے جو 1930ء سے 1974ء تک افغانستان کا پرچم تھا۔ مگر 2004ء والے پرچم میں صرف لاالہ الا اللہ کا اضافہ کیا گیا جو مسجد کے محراب کے نشان کے اوپر پیلے رنگ میں نظر آ رہاہے۔
State and war flag flown under the rule of امیر حبیب اللہ خان. Habibullah added to his father's flag a seal that is the precursor of the modern-day seal.
First flag flown under the rule of King Amanullah. He expanded upon his father's flag by adding rays emanating from the seal in the form of an octagram. This new style of seal was common in the سلطنت عثمانیہ. Afghanistan became a kingdom in 1926.
Second flag flown under the rule of King Amanullah. He replaced the octagram with a wreath and slightly modified the national seal.
Third flag flown under the rule of King Amanullah. The black, red, and green tricolor, respectively representing the past (previous flags), the bloodshed for independence (Third Anglo-Afghan War), and hope for the future, was probably influenced by Khan’s visit abroad to یورپ and especially جرمنی (black-red-gold) in 1927.
Fourth flag flown under the rule of King Amanullah. The new seal shows the sun rising over two snow-capped mountains, representing a new beginning for the بادشاہت.
Flag flown under the rule of Habibullah Kalakani or حبیب اللہ کلکانی. The red, black, and white tricolor was the same flag that was used when modern-day Afghanistan was under Mongol occupation in the 13th century.
First flag flown under the rule of Nader Shah. The black, red, and green tricolor was re-established; the octogram seal borrowed from the first flag of King Amanullah replaced the sun and mountains seal.
Second flag flown under the rule of Nader Shah, it was also used by his son, Zahir Shah. The black, red, and green tricolor were retained. The octagram rays were removed, and the seal enlarged. In between the mosque and the seal is the year ١٣٤٨ (1348 of the lunar اسلامی تقویم, or 1929 AD of the عیسوی تقویم) the year Mohammed Nadir Shah’s شاہی سلسلہ began.
First flag flown for the Republic of Afghanistan. It is identical to the previous flag, except that the year ١٣٤٨ was removed as Zahir Shah's monarchy ended.
Second flag flown for the Republic of Afghanistan. The same colors were used, but the meanings reinterpreted: black for the obscure past, red for blood shed for independence, and green for prosperity from agriculture. In the canton is a new seal, with an eagle with spread wings, a pulpit (منبر) on the eagle’s chest (for a mosque), wheat surrounding the eagle, and the sun’s rays above the eagle (for the new republic).
When the leader of the republic, Mohammad Daoud Khan, was killed in a coup, the new regime under the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA), with the assistance of the Soviet Union, established a secularsocialist state. For a brief period of time, during the transition, the same flag design was kept, but no seal.
جمہوری جمہوریہ افغانستان
This flag used a red field with a yellow seal in the canton, a common design for socialist states in the 20th century. The wreath of wheat remained, but a star was added at top (representing the five ethnic groups of the nation) and the word 'Khalq' in عربی زبان script in the center. The flag was also the flag of the PDPA's Khalq faction under President Nur Muhammad Taraki until his murder in September 1979.
جمہوری جمہوریہ افغانستان
After the overthrow of the Khalq faction by the Parcham faction, the flag was changed again. The overthrow occurred in December 1979 days before the start of the Soviet war. The new leadership re-established the black, red, and green tricolor, representing the past, blood shed for independence, and the Islamic faith, respectively. A new seal was designed, with a rising sun (a reference to the former name, Khorasan, meaning "Land of the Rising Sun"), a pulpit and a book (considered to be the Communist Manifesto or Capital by کارل مارکس), ribbons with the national colors, a cogwheel for industry, and a red star for communism.
The flag was changed as part of Mohammad Najibullah's National Reconciliation constitution changes. Same as the previous flag, except that in the national seal, the cogwheel is moved from the top to the bottom, the red star and the book are removed, and the green field curved to resemble the horizon.
This flag was used as a provisional flag after the fall of the Najibullah pro-Soviet regime. It appeared in many variants of which one is shown here. In the upper stripe is عربی زبانAllahu Akbar, ("God is great"); the center stripe contains the شہادت.
The new Islamic government under Rabbani featured a flag change. The traditional black-red-green trio of colors of nationalism and tribalism were replaced with the three colors of green, white and black - this design is similar to several Middle Eastern Muslim nations' flags. Also, the Shahadah is written within a logo. On the bottom part of the logo was written "دا افغانستان اسلامی دولت", Islamic State of Afghanistan.
After the fall of the Taliban, the traditional black, red and green colors were back. The center emblem is the classical emblem of Afghanistan with a mosque with its mihrab facing Mecca. This flag is similar to the one flown in Afghanistan during the monarchy between 1930 and 1973 - the difference is a revised emblem including the addition of the shahadah at the top of the coat-of-arms (seen in white) in the center. It now shows the year ١29٨ (1298), the شمسی ہجری تقویم equivalent of 1919 AD of the عیسوی تقویم, the year of independence from جزیرہ برطانیہ عظمی. There was an unofficial variation with a gold emblem.