معاونت:بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد/ساردینیائی

The charts below show how the بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد represents ساردینیائی زبان pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See ساردینیائی زبان for a more thorough look at the sounds of Sardinian.

حرف صحیحs
معاونت:با ابجدیہ Examples English approximation
b bàcca; abaudìtu; bàbaru bike
β bìa; ebréu; nebodàza between baby and bevy
d dormi; sardu; doadùra; (Logudorese) andalibeni done
dz (Logudorese) accasazàre; prànzu; (Campidanese) pràntzu; assòtziu dads
giòba; bambàgia; culingiòsso; panagélicu jab
ɖ[1] cherveddu; abbaraddhàdu dine (ہندوستانی انگریزی)
ð abbaccàda; càntat [ˈkantaða]; a thèrga this
f fora; ufànu fast
ɡ gàbbia; ghèrra; ghìa; ringhièra; fógu gas
ɣ[2] buttèga; ringhèra; àrcu ’e chélu like go, but without completely blocking air flow on the ⟨g⟩
k corsìa; àlpaca; chélu; quàdra; brùke; piachènte scar
l levantìnu; abbalauccàdu lip
ʎ brigliàju; origlièttas; bragliósu; contissìgliu roughly like million
m meledàda; mamudìnu; accampàda[3] mother
n nebodàza; energìa nest
ŋ abbengàre; abbiénghidu[3] sing
ɲ apitzigàgnulu; gnagnajólu roughly like canyon
p pabasólu; pìsiri; splajàre; ’alvispàltu spin
ɾ carògna; dijimìre batter (American English)
r rasàda; ferrùzzos trilled r
s seccàda; stàntes; dilmìssu sorry
ʃ sceléstu; lescénscia; balàscios ship
t tanéddhu; àteu star
ts (Logudorese) zaccàre; aìzzu; (Campidanese) tzaccadu cats
ciabàtta; cèddha; cìbbu; ciaccósu; celibbàdu chip
θ althrolìttu; furrìthu; tharalàu; atheddhìna; istàthu thin
v vacàda; sérvu; jurafàlzu; sa faìna vent
z casàra; ixèmplu; su sole zipper
ʒ abbajoccàda; ajózi; conjugàdu; ’agiòne; (Campidanese) paxi measure
مصوتs
معاونت:با ابجدیہ Examples English approximation
a Arba; areddhàre; áteru; proiát roughly like father
e beni; ape; isdentadu roughly like pay
ɛ cena; meri bed
i filu; síncheru; paxi; ixèmplu see
o ógru; abbaósu; càndho law (British English)
ɔ domu; cózzula not
u domu; úrtima too
 
Semivowels
j (Logudorese) giója;[4] calzulaiéddhu;[5] (Campidanese) Sardìnnia[6] you
 
بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد
معاونت:با ابجدیہ Examples Explanation
ˈ càntat [ˈkantaða] primary stress
ˌ propiamènte [ˌpropiaˈmɛnte] secondary stress
. via [ˈvi.a] syllable break

Notesترميم

  1. In Sardinian it is a double voiced retroflex stop, represented by [ɖɖ] or [ɖː].
  2. Sometimes omitted between vowels.
  3. ^ ا ب Nasal consonants always assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant. Thus, the n in /nɡ/, /nk/ is velar [ŋ], but before /v/ or /f/, it is labiodental [ɱ] (transcribed here as [m]). It is [m] only before /p/ or /b/.
  4. One of the rare cases in which the grapheme ⟨j⟩ does not represent the sound [ʒ].
  5. Another rare case, using the grapheme ⟨i⟩, normally representing a full vowel [i].
  6. Phonetically transcribed as [sarˈdinja], as opposed to Sardìgna in Logudorese, transcribed as [sarˈdiɲɲa]. In Campidanese this semivowel is more usual.

Further readingترميم

  • Wagner، Max Leopold (1989) [1957]. Dizionario Etimologico Sardo (بزبان الإيطالية). Trois. 
  • Blasco Ferrer، Eduardo (1994). ELLO ELLUS, grammatica della lingua sarda (بزبان الإيطالية). Nuoro (Sardinia): Poliedro Edizioni. 
  • Blasco Ferrer، Eduardo (2007). Sardo e italiano a confronto. CUEC. 
  • Mura، Riccardo؛ Virdis، Maurizio (2015). Caratteri e strutture fonetiche, fonologiche e prosodiche della lingua sarda. Il sintetizzatore vocale SINTESA (بزبان الإيطالية). Condaghes. 
  • Puddu، Mario (2015) [2000]. Ditzionàriu de sa limba e de sa cultura sarda (بزبان السردينية). Condaghes.